The latest update of an open-access online tool that enables people to realise the enormous potential of data delivered by remote sensing satellites has launched.

ESA’s Sentinel Applications Platform (SNAP) has been accelerating Earth observation innovation since 2014 by helping the growing global community of data users to process and analyse imagery from numerous international missions.

Due to predicted outage for S3B In Plane Manoeuvre #061, SLSTRproducts degradation is expected for sensing time from 29/06/2022T08:48:40 to 29/06/2022T08:58:43.

Since the beginning of operations of the Sentinel-1 mission, Wave Mode OCN products contain the significant wave height of the swell for each wave partition observed by the SAR instrument.

Since 2022-06-07, the Wave Mode OCN products contain as well the "Total" significant wave height (not only from the swell component) as extracted using the Neural Network algorithm described in [Quach et al 2020] and trained on altimeter measurements.

Two new variables are provided: oswTotalHs (significant wave height) and oswTotalHsStdev (standard deviation of significant wave height). These variables are qualified as "total" to avoid any confusion with the oswHs variable that is already used for the significant wave height of the swell for each wave partition in the products.

The first operational validation of this new measurement illustrates good match with reference mean Hs from CMEMS, as can be seen by the scatter plot and metrics provided in the figure below.

Due to SLSTR instrument anomaly occurred from 20th of June 2022 at 02:51:19 UTC to 22nd of June 2022 at 18:42:00 UTC, SLSTR data in the specified period is unavailable or degraded:

  • SLSTR VIS channels degraded from 20/06/2022 02:51 UTC to 11:43 UTC

  • SLSTR IR channels invalid from 20/06/2022 02:51 UTC to 11:43 UTC

  • SLSTR VIS and IR channels unavailable from 20/06/2022 11:42 to 15:00 UTC

  • SLSTR VIS and IR channels invalid from 20/06/2022 14:59 to 21/06/2022 07:54 UTC

  • SLSTR VIS and IR channels unavailable from 21/06/2022 07:53 to 09:38 UTC

  • SLSTR VIS channels degraded from 21/06/2022 09:37 to 22/06/2022 18:42 UTC

  • SLSTR IR channels invalid from 21/06/2022 09:37 to 22/06/2022 18:42 UTC

Due to predicted outage for S3A In-Plane manoeuvre #067, SLSTR products degradation is expected for sensing time from 14/06/2022T09:25:45 to 14/06/2022T09:35:35

Due to Copernicus Sentinel-3B Moon calibration, data will be degraded on hereafter products:

  • Copernicus Sentinel-3B SLSTR: products degradation is expected for sensing time from 14/06/2022T21:53:28 to 14/06/2022T22:43:58
  • Copernicus Sentinel-3B OLCI: products degradation is expected for sensing time from 14/06/2022T22:35:10 to 14/06/2022T22:43:58
  • Copernicus Sentinel-3B SRAL products degradation is expected for sensing time from 14/06/2022T21:54:28 to 14/06/2022T22:25:48

Due to predicted outage for S3B for OLCI S09 Calibration, OLCIproducts degradation is expected for sensing time from 15/06/2022T09:06:13 to 15/06/2022T09:07:23.

How the Copernicus Sentinels are fuelling a surge in ground-breaking scientific research that is enriching society and benefiting the environment was highlighted last month at the Living Planet Symposium.

According to figures presented by ESA at the conference, the number of peer reviewed publications that drew on data delivered by the satellites rose from around 100 in 2015 to more than 3200 in 2021.

This sharp increase means that the Copernicus Sentinels are now resulting in a similar number of academic papers as the US-led Landsat missions, the world’s longest running remote sensing programme. 

Copernicus Sentinels fuel surge in scientific research

Synergy in focus

The growing influence of data delivered by Europe’s flagship Earth observation programme was emphasized at a series of science presentations held at the symposium, many of which demonstrated the value of combining information from different missions.

An Italian team of scientists, for instance, explored how Copernicus Sentinel-5P and Copernicus Sentinel-2 data could be used to monitor a volcano in Italy called Stromboli, which poses a significant threat to local communities when active. 

Levels of sulphur dioxide – often associated with eruptions – were tracked by the atmosphere-monitoring satellite’s TROPOMI instrument. These data were analysed together with Copernicus Sentinel-2 observations, which provided contextual information about Stromboli’s activity, to investigate the behaviour of the volcano.

In a separate project, researchers at the University of Bordeaux used data from several Copernicus Sentinel missions to monitor an impermanent river in Namibia, which is a vital resource for communities that live in the arid landscape through which it flows.

Using radar data from Copernicus Sentinel-1 and imagery from Copernicus Sentinel-2, the scientists set out to explore the dynamics of the river and how it replenishes nearby channels that are hidden under surface sediment

In future research, it is expected that data from Copernicus Sentinel-3 on river water level and soil moisture will be used to complement these insights.

Global cooperation

Copernicus Sentinel data are also being combined with information delivered by institutional missions from around the world.

A series of presentations at the Living Planet Symposium focused on collaboration with the US-led Landsat programme, which has been providing continuous space-borne observations of the environment for 50 years.

The launch of the Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellites in 2015 and 2017 created an unprecedented opportunity for synergy with Landsat and, since then, the development and delivery of harmonized datasets which draw on imagery from the missions has been a key priority for the Earth observation community.

By providing detailed, continuous impressions of Earth’s surface with high temporal resolutions, these data are supporting numerous innovative applications, both in research and the development of operational products and services.

Scientists in Europe and the US are now working to further validate and calibrate the combined datasets, as well as preparing for the harmonisation of imagery from future Copernicus Sentinel and Landsat satellites.

New possibilities

In addition, ESA’s Third Party Missions programme – which disseminates data delivered from numerous international missions – is opening up new possibilities for synergy with Copernicus Sentinel data.

Announced as a Third Party Mission during the Living Planet Symposium, Canadian remote sensing constellation GHGSat delivers high-resolution information on greenhouse gas emissions from industrial facilities across the world.

Copernicus Sentinel-5P maps these gases on a wider scale, identifying regions of the world with increased emissions. In the future, GHGSat could be used to zoom in on these areas to reveal individual point sources, such as oil and gas wells.

Addressing global challenges

The symposium also highlighted the continued contributions of Copernicus Sentinel data to the Copernicus Services, which are helping policymakers combat key environmental and societal challenges.

Copernicus Sentinel-3, for example, delivers data on sea surface topography, sea and land surface temperature, and ocean and land surface colour, supporting ocean forecasting, and environment and climate monitoring.

The Copernicus Sentinels are supporting the ongoing expansion of the Copernicus Services.

Earlier this year, information from Copernicus Sentinel-1 was used to create the first dataset delivered by the European Ground Motion Service, a new activity that provides information on movements of Earth’s surface, such as slow-moving landslides and subsidence due to mining or water extraction.

An update of the Copernicus Sentinel-5 Precursor (S5p) operational ground-processing system is planned by mid-July 2022. This includes changes in the algorithms and product format for all products. The main impact on the data products of the processors upgrade is:

  • L1b Radiance degradation correction (the Irradiance degradation correction was already in place).

  • Usage of a Directional surface Lambertian Equivalent Reflectivity (DLER) database based on TROPOMI data, replacing OMI LER (for NO2 and O3 Profile) and GOME LER (for ALH).

  • CO product:

    • The unit of the column_averaging_kernel has changed from metres to unitless.

    • Inclusion of a priori profiles in the output product.

  • AAI product: a new wavelength pair using 335 and 367 nm to perform an aerosol index calculation has been added.

  • Updates of the correction factors to account for the radiance degradation correction of the updated L1b, mainly affecting CLOUD and Ozone Near Real Time (NRT).

  • Updated the CLOUD neural networks for clear-sky and cloudy

More details on the algorithm updates and format changes are available to the user community, together with sample data.

Full detailed information will be provided within the Product Readme Files after the operational switch.

Another news will be published when the precise date for the update is established. Please note that NRT products for data acquired during the downtime period will be not generated. After the successful deployment of the new system, version numbers of the first orbit generated with the new version of the S5p operational processors both, in NRT and OFFL, will be provided.

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Calling on all interested users of Sentinel data, who would like to submit their results, turning their experiences into 'success stories'.

If you have a good story to tell, of how any of the Sentinel satellites are producing data that bring benefit to your work and/or to society, please contact the Sentinel Online Editors at: with your proposals.