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Envisat ASAR data exploitation to model oil spill, leak sources and contamination probability in the Caspian Sea

16 April 2015

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The main goal of this research was to detect oil spills, to determine the oil spill frequencies and to approximate oil leak sources around the Oil Rocks Settlement, the Chilov and Pirallahi Islands in the Caspian Sea using 136 multi-temporal Envisat ASAR Wide Swath Medium Resolution images acquired during 2006-2010.

The following oil spill frequencies were observed around the Oil Rocks Settlement, the Chilov and Pirallahi Islands: 2-10 (3471.04 sq. km), 11-20 (971.66 sq. km), 21-50 (692.44 sq. km), 51-128 (191.38 sq. km).

The most critical oil leak sources with the frequency range of 41-128 were observed at the Oil Rocks Settlement. The exponential regression analysis between wind speeds and oil slick areas detected from 136 multitemporal Envisat images revealed the regression coefficient equal to 63%. The regression model showed that larger oil spill areas were observed with decreasing wind speeds.

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