Copernicus Sentinel-1 helps monitor oil industry activity
14 September 2018
An innovative data analytics company in France is using data from the Copernicus Sentinel-1 satellites to help track crude oil storage worldwide, bringing transparency to the energy markets.
Kayrros is a leading advanced data analytics company that helps global energy market players make better investment decisions. Its experts extract value from the integration of alternative and market data into unique product offerings across the energy chain.
With offices worldwide, Kayrros delivers actionable information in near real-time using cutting-edge technologies including satellite imagery, natural language processing, Internet of Things and machine learning.
For instance, five thousand oil tankers move throughout our oceans and seas daily. Kayrros follows their activity tracking tankers in real-time to obtain a clear and rapid view of oil imports and exports worldwide.
But just how does Kayrros use Copernicus Sentinel-1 data?
Expert scientists at Kayrros created an algorithm that allows the tracking of storage of oil in crude-oil tanks. Such tanks are equipped with a floating roof that moves depending on the amount of oil that is stored under it. Tracking these roofs and their movements makes it possible for the algorithm to predict how much crude-oil is stored where world-wide - thus giving energy market experts vital information to predict market movements.
This algorithm leverages the specific signature of the storage tanks on Sentinel-1 data, and is applied to more than 500 locations internationally - virtually all crude oil storage sites in the world. Every day, Kayrros servers process hundreds of Copernicus Sentinel-1 images, representing more than three terabytes of data. Kayrros' customers in the finance and energy markets are updated in near real-time on important moves that directly affect oil prices, which were previously unmonitorable.
Part of the European Union's fleet of Copernicus missions, Sentinel-1 is a two-satellite constellation that images the entire Earth with a high revisit frequency - important for monitoring rapid change.
First launched on 3 April 2014 and followed by its twin on 25 April 2016, each satellite carries an advanced radar instrument that can image Earth's surface at day or night, regardless of weather.
The C-band synthetic aperture radar on Sentinel-1 can provide images in the Interferometric Wide Swath mode (250 km width), with a resolution of up to 3m (Single Look Complex product) within hours from acquisition.
Through the utilisation of Sentinel-1's prolific output, traders and energy companies are better informed since they can monitor their assets in real time, as opposed to traditionally making predictions without seeing the full picture.
Sylvain Calisti, product manager at Kayrros, comments, "Thanks to the Sentinel satellites, we can track crude oil storage more reliably and more accurately to deliver information in a timely manner, which was totally unknown up to now. This is a step change in terms of market transparency for a commodity like oil."
The Sentinels are a fleet of dedicated EU-owned satellites, designed to deliver the wealth of data and imagery that are central to Europe's Copernicus environmental programme.
In partnership with EU Member States, the European Commission leads and coordinates this programme, to improve the management of the environment, safeguarding lives every day. ESA is in charge of the space component, responsible for developing the family of Copernicus Sentinel satellites and ensuring the flow of data for the Copernicus services, while the operations of the Sentinels have been entrusted to ESA and EUMETSAT.